Biography: Dr. Joel Gardner is a scholar and educator in the field of instructional technology and design and is currently serving as the Program Chair of the Instructional Design and Performance Technology masterís degree at Franklin University. He began his career as a corporate trainer for a large financial services organization and subsequently earned an MS and PhD in Instructional Technology and Learning Sciences at Utah State University. He worked as an Instructional Designer at Utah State in the Faculty Assistance Center for Teaching and as an Instructional Design Faculty Member in the College of Arts, Sciences, & Technology at Franklin University. He is also a Certified Performance Technologist (CPT). As a scholar, he has published several peer-reviewed articles on the effective use of instructional strategies and educational technology in a variety of settings. He has taught both online and face-to-face at the graduate level at several institutions of higher education.